De Arte Natandi to the Science of Swimming
Biomechanical and Pedagogical Conceptions in Swimming


1. Various handbooks about swimming

1.1. The humanist instructors, Clerics, intellectuals and professionals
1.2. Military
1.3. Gymnasiarques
1.4. Engineers
1.5. Doctors
1.6. Swimming teachers
1.7. Sportsmen

2. The development of swimming as a social and athletic activity

3. The various concepts about the teaching of swimming

3.1. Analytic teaching methods
3.2. Global teaching methods

4 - Evolution of the aims and thimgs at stake concerning swimming teaching

4.1. Gymnastic from of swimming
4.2. Utilitarian from of swimming
4.3. Athletic from of swimming


Identification of the teaching resource